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POSTPONED: Unleashing the developmental potential of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs)

CMCB Life Sciences Seminar

Datum:02.04.2020, 13:00 - 14:00
Sprecher: Hans Schöler, Department for Cell and Developmental Biology, Max Planck Institute for Molecular Biomedicine Münster
Ort: CRTD, ground floor, auditorium right
Gastgeber: Jared Sterneckert

 

5 most important publications:

1. Schöler HR, Ruppert S, Suzuki N, Chowdhury K, Gruss. New type of POU domain in germ line-specific protein Oct-4. Cloning and characterization of the germline-specific octamer binding protein Oct-4. Nature 344:435-9, 1990

2. Hübner K, Fuhrmann G, Christenso, LK, Kehler J, Reinbold, R, De La Fuente R, Wood J, Strauss III J, Boiani M, Schöler HR. Mouse embryonic stem cells in culture give rise to oocytes. Science 300:1251-6, 2003

3. Kim JB, Sebastiano V, Wu G, Araúzo-Bravo M, Sasse P, Gentile L, Ko K, Ruau D, Ehrich M, van den Boom D, Meyer J, Hübner K, Bernemann C, Ortmeier C, Zenke M, Fleischmann B, Zaehres H, Schöler HR. Oct4-induced pluripotency in adult neural stem cells. Cell 136:411-19, 2009

4. Han DW, Tapia N, Hermann A, Hemmer K, Höing S, Araúzo-Bravo MJ, Zaehres H, Wu G, Frank S, Moritz S, Greber B, Yang JH, Lee HT, Schwamborn JC, Storch A, Schöler HR. Direct reprogramming of fibroblasts into neural stem cells by defined factors. Cell Stem Cell 10(4):465-72, 2012

5. Velychko S, Adachi K, Kim KP, Hou Y, MacCarthy CM, Wu G, Schöler HR Excluding Oct4 from Yamanaka cocktail unleashes the developmental potential of iPSCs. Cell Stem Cell 25(6):737-753, 2019

Abstract:

A current aim in cell and developmental biology is to program cells at will. One way towards converting a given cell type into another one is achieved via a pluripotent stem cell state that resembles that of embryonic stem cells (ESCs). In most cases, somatic cells are pushed into a pluripotent state by the introduction of exogenous factors, mostly transcription factors. Reprogramming of somatic cells into pluripotent stem cells designated as induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) was first described in 2006. Fibroblasts were used and initially required introduction of the virally expressed transcription factor quartet Oct4, Sox2, Klf4, and c-Myc (OSKM). We previously reported that Oct4 alone is sufficient for directly reprogramming adult mouse and human fetal neural stem cells into iPSCs, thus highlighting the crucial role played by Oct4 in the process. As we now show the combination of SKM is sufficient for reprogramming mouse somatic cells into iPSCs. Actually, SKM even activates the pluripotency network in Oct4-knockout fibroblasts. Retroviral silencing requires the simultaneous expression of Sox2 and c-Myc, perhaps accounting for the discrepancy with respect to previous studies that used retroviral vectors to generate iPSCs without Oct4. Reprogramming in the absence of exogenous Oct4 results in iPSCs that are characterized by more faithful gene expression and greatly improved developmental potential. Our data suggests that expression of exogenous Oct4 during reprogramming leads to off-target gene activation, thereby worsening the quality of the generated iPSCs with major implications for further development and application of iPSC technology.

Everybody is very welcome!

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